Skip to main content

About your Search

Book TV 170
Today 168
( more )
SFGTV 1371
SFGTV2 817
CNN 545
CNNW 541
KGO (ABC) 398
FBC 380
KNTV (NBC) 364
WMAR (ABC) 360
WBAL (NBC) 345
CSPAN2 336
WRC (NBC) 336
WJLA (ABC) 330
( more )
English 11619
Spanish 40
Korean 6
Hebrew 1
obama 6150
romney 4897
washington 4450
new york 3473
california 2634
florida 2491
libya 2450
paul ryan 2208
chicago 1980
virginia 1958
china 1917
clinton 1872
( more )
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 11,742 (some duplicates have been removed)
FOX News
Sep 19, 2012 2:00am PDT
quote -american demonstrations continue to spread this morning. in pakistan a new attack on the u.s. consulate. protestors breaking through a barricade and throwing bricks. this follows attacks on u.s. consulates and other cities in pakistan in recent days. >>> in beijing the car of the u.s. ambassador to china was
Sep 12, 2012 1:00pm EDT
quote -u.s. person for the purpose of acquiring information about the u.s. person at the other end of the line is not a substitute for the warrant requirement to search a database for u.s. persons should such a database be ever emassed under section 702. minimum mumization procedures are not a substitute for a warrant in such a case. now, i think that the government needs to comply with
Sep 12, 2012 1:00pm EDT
quote prior to searching for information acquired incidentally on a u.s. person in a large pool of data that the government has already lawfully obtained under section 702 should such a data pool happen. the information about such person is subject to
Sep 12, 2012 1:00pm EDT
quote fathers devised for us in the united states constitution in the effort to provide safety were mistaken. we can be safe while still complying with the constitution of the united states. i'm mindful that we began this congress reading most of the united states constitution on the floor of this house.
Sep 12, 2012 7:30pm PDT
, no exterior work, it lets some people do some interior demo, it's not a change of use, a lot of people use it and simply because it's sometimes for demolition, it's easier to find out what the structural elements of the building are and it exempts them from doing any accessibility work because it can be done then on the future permit, so this is only simply for interior demolition, it doesn't change the use and occupancy of the building. >> do you know what that is? >> yes, on the building permit application, it stated there's retail and occupancy and a single family home on r3, a single family dwelling unit and it's a basement type 5 construction, so the existing use is retail and as of this permit, the use does not change, it's still retail. i believe there is a future permit file for a change of use. >> and that is not before us today? >> that is not before us tonight, no. >> okay. >> okay. and i might ask you to come back up after the appellants have spoken. >> so should we hear from the appellant then? >> yes. >> we'll hear from the appellant now, 7 minutes. >> good evening, board mem
Sep 12, 2012 1:00pm EDT
quote devised for us in the united states constitution in the effort to provide safety were mistaken. we can be safe while still
Sep 12, 2012 1:00pm EDT
quote . congress should prohibit the federal government from intentionally searching for information on a u.s. person in a data pool emassed lawfully under section 702 of fisa, unless the searching official has a warrant. now, the fisa amendments act of 2008 does not make clear that the government must obtain a
Sep 12, 2012 1:00pm EDT
quote that the government cannot target a u.s. person simply by monitoring a non-u.s.
Sep 12, 2012 1:00pm EDT
quote simply by monitoring a non-u.s. person that the u.s. person is talking to. and for the first time in history, the government must obtain an individualized court order from the fisa court to target americans outside the united states. foreign surveillance, under the fisa amendments act, is subject to extensive oversight by the administration and congress. every 60 days, justice department, national security officials and the director of national intelligence conduct
Sep 20, 2012 9:00am PDT
, including the u.s. embassy. the mood there was violent. rocks thrown. fires set to barricades. several injured, including police. >>> and this was the scene in northeast syria today. an air strike hit a village gas station. opposition activists say the strike killed 20 civilians and wounded more than 70 others. the death toll is expected to rise. >>> and people in the former soviet republic of georgia are outraged over graphic videos reportedly showing prison guards abusing and raping inmates. thousands of protesters took to the streets after tv stations aired the shocking images. the president says what happened at the prison is a "horrific afront to human rights and dignity." the country's corrections minister has resigned over that video. >>> more protests is and violence today in pakistan. as many as 1,500 people marched outside the diplomatic enclave in islamabad that houses the u.s. embassy and several other foreign embassies. some protesters carried sticks, threw rocks, and set fire to barricades as they marched. police fired warning shots to disburse the crowd, but several poli
Sep 26, 2012 5:30pm PDT
. andres bush and the drug discovery leadership and our employees for joining us on this exciting occasion, the next step of expanding the innovation in mission bay. today is notust about the launch coelaborate , but thanks to mission bay's reputation as the hub, the area has become one of the most dynamic clusters of scientific innovation as witnessed by pfizer and the continued expansion of nektar and growing start-up companies that number over 30 many mission bay alone complimented by ucsf and three new hospitals here in mission bay. we're thrilled as of today mission bay can add the colaborator to its growing in the area and for bayer this is another step in the company's greatest history of leadership and development and our partnering of life science firms. today we'll start the clock on what we'll hope will be a longlar of collaboration between bay area and the most innovative companies in the area. before we introduce the first companies to occupy the area -- -- >> thank you, terry. i guess as everybody knows here, bayer has next year a history of 150 years' of successful r&d. i
Sep 20, 2012 6:00am PDT
on the idea of getting creative young people, young start-ups to us. and this is now happening today. establishing the collaborator will mean that we'll attract young companies working together with us on a great campus, getting inspired with great networks and helping us with the purpose of all of our doings, which is identifying breakthrough innovation for the patients which need it the most. i am extremely excited and i hope that everybody understands how important this step is for us. everybody sees that my entire management team is here, everybody understands that we have the unbelievable honor of having mayor ed lee here today, who also wants to speak to us on this event. i think we should all be proud of what we have accomplished, establishing our own group here. what we want to accomplish, establishing the collaborator. i really hope that at the end, the big benefit will go to our patient. thank you very much. i'm very happy that mayor ed lee is here and speaks to us. thank you. >> thank you, andy. welcome everybody. you know, i still marvel, terry, and andy, at just less th
Sep 13, 2012 6:00am PDT
>>> it has been a busy morning. thank you for joining us. >> let's go now to "cnn newsroom" with carol cost eello. good morning. >> thank you, brooke. good morning to all of you. i'm carol costello. the anti-american violence spreading in the middle east. protesters in yemen scale the embassy walls and set fires. in cairo, egypt, force used tear gas there. it is over a film that was produced in the united states and said to be insulting to islam. >>> u.s. drones join the manhunt for those who killed a u.s. diplomat and three other americans. concerns over the tep id response by the new regime in egypt. >> i don't think that we would consider them an ally, but we don't consider them an enemy. >> we're covering every angle of this developing story. first, let's take a step back and look at how things have unfolded over the past 48 hours. the outrage first ignited tuesday in egypt. protesters converged on the embassy. within hours, crowds gathered outside benghazi, libya. armed militants killed the u.s. ambassador and three of the staffers. today, crowds storm the u.s. embassy
Sep 12, 2012 5:30pm PDT
news with brian williams. >>> good evening, he was a u.s. foreign service officer, a diplomat representing his country, all he ever wanted to be. he was not the type who asked for cushy assignments, quite the contrary. be, chris steven was the u.s. ambassador to libya, killed last night in the attack in the city of benghazi. a total of four americans were killed, america vowed there will be justice, turns out 911 was a bad day for overseas, protesters in cairo scaled the wall and embassy. destroyed the american flag in cairo and egypt, and then in benghazi, where we begin tonight, we have our chief foreign correspondent, richard, engel. good evening. >> reporter: good evening, brian, we hoped to broadcast in front of the u.s. embassy here in cairo, but had to leave as egyptian security forces clashed with the demonstrators there, pushing them back, using tear gas to try to stop assaults like the ones yesterday, which we are learning much more about. two attacks on u.s. buildings, one here in cairo, spontaneous, passion, harmless, the other in benghazi, focused and deadly. at 4
Sep 12, 2012 9:00am PDT
in the arab world hitting home after an angry mob kills the u.s. ambassador to libya and three other americans. >> today many americans are asking, indeed, i asked myself. how could this happen in a country in a country we helped liberate in a city we helped save from destruction? this reflects just how complicated and at times how confounding the world can be, but we must be clear-eyed even in our grief. this was an attack by a small and savage group. not the people or government of libya. >> tensions are also strained right now with one of america's closest allies. anti-american fury is now spreading. we're following all the angle from around the globe. ian lee is on the ground in cairo, eswript, and sarah is in jerusalem. so two u.s. missions in two different countries attacked on the same day. we're talking about the 11th anniversary of the september 11th attacks. we want to take a closer look at the security information with someone who is actually experiencing this. nicolas burns has served in the foreign service for 27 years. he is also a former u.s. ambassador to nato. nick, thanks for
FOX News
Sep 15, 2012 9:00am PDT
of freedom block. thank you for joining us. i will see you on the "fox business" network weekdays at noon eastern time. have a great weekend. >>> a man pretending to be an afghan police officer turns on international forces, kill to go men fighting for his country's freedom. this is al-qaeda praises the killing of the u.s. ambassador in libya and calls for more attacks on u.s. embassies. hundreds of afghans have taken to the streets shouting death to america. protesting the antes islammic film the white house blames for starting all of this. those deadly protests now span more than 20 countries world wide stretching as far away as sydney, australia. calm has now returned to egypt. the center of the so-called arab spring. but only because egyptian police have finally cleared protesters from the streets. hello, everybody. i'm uma pemmaraju live in washington. we have live team coverage from afghanistan to the white house. let's begin with conner powell who is joining us live from kabul. conner? >> a deadly few hours here in afghanistan. few hours ago we got word that a member of the afghan
Sep 7, 2012 8:30pm PDT
sandwiches. it should be in room a, one of our breakout sessions. take this opportunity to use the west -- the restaurant and find your own way. thank you. -- rest room and find your own way. thank you. but the anniversary of the great earthquake was remembered. >> i would like to ask for a minute of silence. >> let's have a moment of silence. >> they meet for the annual reflating ceremony. he was joined by winnie for an afternoon celebration. we are here to commemorate all that it signifies. at each anniversary the leaders meet to prepare for the next great quake. bob welcome everybody to the anniversary. i got to say, the mayor gets it done. gooa round of applause for our e chief's wife. you look terrific. do we have sydney close five? -- close by. we will pass the microphone to the mayor for a couple of quick words. we have a fire chief and the police chief. >> good morning, everyone. 106 years since our earthquake. we do have a grandson? she was with us in 2009. goopublic works is here. this reminds us of the 3000 people but passed away in 1906 from the devastating earthquake, but t
Sep 30, 2012 12:00am PDT
more involved with physical activity using technology. we're going to spend the first 30 minutes or so demonstrating the wii. not only will we demonstrate how to use it, but we will doe demonstrate adaptive devices so that it can be an inclusive activity for all adults and children. my name is dr. chris thompson from the university of san francisco. go, dons. 1855. i have not been there that long. i am in the department of exercise and sports science. i think it is a good match for me to be demonstrating the wii, which is a good physical activity. i am joined on the stage by a student, not from usf, but from san francisco state. we actually talk to each other. this is mackenna. >> good morning. >> finally, i am joined by alicia from the independent living center in san francisco. it is great for all of you to be here today. people will be trickling in over the next half hour. we will give you a taste of what wii is like. we have set up the game. i will start by playing mackeena in a game of tennis. the interesting thing about wii is we use this little remote. just by moving our arms, w
Sep 29, 2012 7:30pm PDT
will be used and looking at future trade-offs that we will have to adjust in budget committee down the line? >> i don't believe so. we went through sort of a forward budgeting exercise in reviewing this with the risk manager and controller's office to understand how this looks going forward. we see certainly that costs of not only finishing the planning of the event but also putting on the august events were lower than we projected. think we did a conservative job and it is coming in below. i guess i would express confidence on that side but provisions chair chu mention about coming back with reports on cost-saving measures on a quarterly basis is a way to keep on top of this going forward. >> just kind of related to what we have before us, more general to the america's cup, what have we been able to learn from the events that happened last month and what we expect relative to what will happen next month and next year? do we have a sense that we are successful in terms of attendance? do we have any measurements of economic activity that we earlier had projected? what do we have for any kind
Sep 17, 2012 1:20am EDT
is takes coercion out of our lives if there is a government but the sole responsibility is to protect us from people who use coercion against us. protect our rights. nothing else that leaves the rest of us free to pursue values that will lead to our happiness that we believe are good for us. the only system that leaves us free to pursue our values. >> does that make government more allow as well? >> it depends. out is instituted in america at its founding was the first and maybe morrow government never with a moral purpose to protect the rights of individuals has become the greatest violator it has lost its claim on morality. government is moral when it protects rates but if morrow when it violates rights to seven subtitle out by a man's ideas can end big government. whether those ideas? >>guest: first the idea of morality and the foundational idea is who does your life belong to? those conventional views have stated your moral purpose in life is to be your brother's keeper. psat -- so sacrifices the most noble thing. she rejects the notion and says that is the origin of state is some it
Sep 10, 2012 6:00am PDT
japan. he used that fame to enter the political sphere. voters like his direct manner of speaking, and many find his proposals easy to understand. he describes his support as a third pole, an alternative to the two main parties in the central government. hashimoto has set out what some might call ambitious policies for the upcoming general election. for example, he proposed cutting the number of members in the lower house by half. he would cut the annual salaries of diet members, too, by 30%. and this may come as a surprise to some, but some incumbent lawmakers like what they hear. so far, seven members of the diet have suggested they're inclined to join hashimoto's team. >> why do you think we and so many other people are talking about this party? >> well, we've been seeing this kind of thing elsewhere. voters grow disillusioned with options and they turn elsewhere. that's what's happening here. let's look back a few years. the liberal democratic party ruled this country almost without a break for more than half century. voters grew tired of the back-room politics, bureaucratic g
Sep 24, 2012 9:30am PDT
>> welcome to city hall. thank you for joining us. thank you for coming out. i want to thank members of the board of supervisors. i want to thank them for being here in this joint recognition of our commissioners and members of 14 different bodies that will be appointed today to committees and commissions. i want to thank all the friends and family for joining us. let me say how excited i am this past week, i have been watching a certain convention. next week, we will have an even more exciting convention to watch. it is of course, in the spirit of the expected national, regional, and state elections we are preparing for. it is also a reminder of the importance of our civic duty and all the different departments we have created. public engagement is extremely important to the way we run government in san francisco. it has always been about public engagement. we need the last bodies come a different viewpoints, different economic classics -- classes, ethnicities, and regions of the city to be well-represented on everything we do because that is what makes our city great. it is
FOX News
Sep 13, 2012 2:00am PDT
protestors have stormed the u.s. embassy in yemen ripping down the sign and burned the american flag there. yemen is home to al qaeda's most active branch. right now we don't know if there are any injuries or if american personnel have already been evacuated. >>> this while violent clashes continued overnight in egypt. we are looking at the streets of cairo. right no protestors are still filling those streets. there was a second protest there in cairo. you are looking also at brand new video from outside of the u.s. embassy in cairo. police have been using tear gas to disperse thousands of protestors who are in the street. >> american troe dozier's anti p muslim movie made here in the u.s. they are also looking at the possibility this is linked to the deadly attack on the consulate in benghazi. four americans killed including the u.s. ambassador in libya. (chanting) >> meantime riots breaking out in tunisia where dozens of pro tests burning the american flag you suicide of the u.s. embassy. >> let's get the latest from our own gregg palkot who joins us live from london. a lot going on. wha
Sep 13, 2012 1:00am PDT
's how most of us know him." another summed it up, "through the bs media circus, we will know that was vile rat and he was actually way awesome." "the rachel maddow show" begins right now. >> good evening, ezra. you did an awesome job hosting, filling in for ed. thanks. and thanks to you at home for staying with us for the next hour. president obama is scheduled to speak at a campaign event in nevada shortly. you can see there he's being introduced at that event. we're not generally in the business of playing every candidate's stump speech in its entirety every time there is a campaign event with a camera present. if we did that, basically here to november would be a continuous loop of candidates giving the same speech with tiny variations over and over again, every single day. but, but at a time of great international sensitivity, like we are in today, in the wake of the deadly attack on americans at the u.s. consulate in benghazi, libya, in the last 24 hours, at times like this, frankly all of any president's public appearances have a higher than normal potential to make rea
Sep 25, 2012 6:30am PDT
to us to spend on other aspects of the project. the additional budget for the ac transit support was developed when we were negotiating the use and lease agreement and before the full impacts of the official needs were known. once we received the invoice for the final year we were able to amend the budget for the last fiscal year, then use that to see what we were going to need to do to the operations budget for this coming fiscal year. ac transit is also, because we can't use any access of the operations grant for funding that operating reserve, which we agreed we would build up in the lease and use agreement, because we can't use any of the operations to fund that, ac transit is making an annual contribution to the reserve. that is incorporated into the operating budget amendments. >> are there any questions on this item? >> motion to approve. >> motion and second. members of the public? lloyd? >> aye. >> ruskin aye. ortiz aye. chair kim, aye. that's four ayes. item 11 is approved. >> can we call 12? >> a presentation on oscar park, proposed open space under the transbay bus ra
Sep 13, 2012 6:00pm EDT
attacked our people. >> as the u.s. mourns the death of it was a massacre to libya christopher stevens, demonstrators in yemen stormed the u.s. embassy there, protesting an american-made film than a credit me profit mohammed. we will go to yemen and egypt where protests have entered a third day. then to one of the world's leading islamic scholars, tariq ramadan on "islam and the arab awakening." >> if you look at the situation in tunisia and egypt, corruption, poverty, unemployment -- many people who were visiting egypt are dealing with the media saying, there is something not going right. the situation is very bad. we knew something could happen. >> as new census figures show 46,000 americans -- millions of americans are in poverty, we will speak with tavis smiley and cornel west. >> inequality, the top 1% got 93% of income in 2010. income. wealth. that is morally obscene. it is an ethical abomination. >> all of that and more coming up. this is "democracy now!,", the war and peace report. i'm amy goodman. protests are spreading in the middle east over u.s. made film c
Sep 30, 2012 1:45pm EDT
u.s. became a leader again, not because of missiles and rockets and great armies and all that is central though they may be. it's because renovated for doing things that inspire the rest of the world to >> author steve forbes is trying to send booktv on c-span 2. >> up next -- >> on your screen now is the cover of a new book coming out august 2012, "seven principles of good government: liberty, people and politics." it's written by former new mexico governor, gary johnson. and he is also the libertarian party nominee for president in 2012. governor john said, when and why did you leave the republican party and become a libertarian? >> you know, i've probably been a libertarian my entire life. this is just kind of coming out of the closet. i don't think i am unlike most americans. i think there's a lot more americans in this country that declare themselves libertarians as opposed to voting libertarian. so the picture and trying to make right now is vote libertarian with me this one time. give me a shot at changing things. and if it does somewhere, you can always return to
Sep 1, 2012 7:25pm EDT
of this high occasion cannot mask the soro -- the sorrow that shares our hearts. let us hear tonight each of us, all of us, rededicate ourselves to keeping burning the golden torch of promise which john fitzgerald kennedy set aflame. [applause] and let none of us stop to rest until we have written into the law of the land all the suggestions and then let us continue to supplement the program with the kind of laws that he would have us write. [applause] tonight we offer ourselves on our record and by our platform as a party for all americans. and all american parties are all american. [applause] this land of reasonable men has no place for any partisanship or previous prejudice. [applause] the need of all can never be met by a party of the few. the needs of all cannot be met by a business party. for a labor party. -- or a labor party. not by a war party or a peace party. not by a southern party or another in -- or a northern party. our needs will meet our needs only if we are served by a party that serves all our people. [applause] we are members together of such a party. the democratic party of
Sep 11, 2012 8:30am PDT
presented, and our country has presented, a challenge to us for our seniors and the need for long-term care. we're going to be working closely with the long term care coordinating council. thank you, tracy. [applause] thank you for stepping up. and for teaching me how to pronounce your name. our mta newest member to the board of directors and one that i know will be of great value to us as we are challenged with everybody being able to enjoy all the services our mta has. thank you, christina, for stepping up. [applause] as we move into the times when we want more people to come in, we want development to create jobs, we need to make sure we appropriately plan all areas of the city. i want to thank these two gentlemen for stepping up to come and spend hours of their personal time helping us with the planning of the city. michael, thank you for returning and stepping forward for the planning commission. richard, thank you very much for stepping up as well. some say the most voluble land we have -- valuable land we have for people to live and enjoy is the waterfront. i want to thank our newest
Sep 5, 2012 8:00pm PDT
every conceivable and imaginable difference. i have believed the world looks to us to say it is -- if it is possible to live together across every conceivable difference. we're proud of our home and place in history and proud of our example. but we also are humble in the context of the world we're living in. a world that is another connected but hyper-connected with a merger of i.t. and globalization. we recognize our faith -- fate is connected to the fate of others. that is the spirit that binds us together. the spirit that brings us here today. i want to close by reminding you that california is the birthplace as mayor lee was saying of life science, biotech, the home of the california stem cell institute, a state with more engineers, more scientists, more global -- nobel laureate's than any other state or we still lay claim to five of the top universities based on the shanghai index in the world. caltech, stanford university, and three of our public universities, not least of which the university is a stone's throw away. uc-berkeley campus. we're proud of the state but
Sep 20, 2012 7:00pm PDT
>>> glad to have you with us. it's friday, september 21. >>> the white house says an individual with linchlgs to al qaeda may have been involved in the attacks on the u.s. consulate in libya. the september 11 attacks on the consulate in benghazi claimed the lives of the u.s. ambassador to libya and three other u.s. personnel. the attack came as muslim protested a u.s.-made film which they say insults the prophet muhammed. white house press secretary jay carney said the fbi investigation is ongoing. he said the investigators have no information at this point that suggests that the attack was significantly preplanned. carney said that investigators are now looking into al qaeda affiliates, in particular the group known as al qaeda in the islamic magreg. >>> the conflict of interest in syria is causing more human suffering and civilian casualties. opposition activists say 55 people were killed in an explosion at a gas station triggered by a government air strike. amateur video shows the site in the northern city near the turkish border. people are suffering from a serious shortage
Sep 14, 2012 1:00am PDT
to you at home for staying with us for the next hour. for most of the day the news has been focused on egypt and on yemen and the protests of u.s. embassies in those countries and in about nine other countries around the globe today. these protests flaring in response to a cure, obscure, anti-muslim video of still murky origins. nbc's richard engel is going to be joining us live from cairo shortly be the latest news from there. see, these are images from cairo. people still gathered near the u.s. embassy, still rather hairy situation as you can see there. we'll be checking in with richard momentarily. >>> when moammar gadhafi was still alive, when he was still the dictator of libya, gadhafi had a plan to settle the conflict between israel and the palestinians. to settle that issue once and for all in a very simple way, all you had to do, he said, was make a new place. a new place that would be called isratine. so it was like israel and palestine but you combined them so it would be isratine. he thought just calling a new place that would settle everything. moammar gadhafi also had a
Sep 23, 2012 12:00am PDT
that the farmer's market. >> and go for it. >> incredible. you have shown us how to make super healthy, refresh chapino from the farmers market on the budget, that for the whole family. that is outstanding. >> thank you peter i am glad that you like it. i think anybody can do it. >> if you like the recipe for this dish, you can e-mail us at or reach out to us on facebook or twitter and we >> good morning, everybody. welcome to the technology summit. we are looking forward to a fantastic day. we are going to start with a demonstration of the wii system. it is an interactive gaming system that allows people to play different activities and participate in different fitness activities together. a lot of wii systems, about 40, are being deployed around the city to different senior centers and residents facilities to encourage older adults to get more involved with physical activity using technology. we're going to spend the first 30 minutes or so demonstrating the wii. not only will we demonstrate how to use it, but we will doe demonstrate adaptive devices so that it
Sep 12, 2012 2:00am PDT
>>> that's it for us. thank you for watching. "early start" begins now. >>> u.s. diplomatic compounds targeted in two muslim countries. a state department worker killed. the u.s. flag torn down. >>> no deal in chicago. striking teachers and a school board still miles apart in talks leaving kids out of school now for a third day. >>> and the wait is almost over. apple is just hours away from unveiling the new iphone 5. good morning, welcome to "early start." i'm christie romans in this morning. >> we are happy to have you. i'm zoraida sambolin. it's 5:00 a.m. in the east. let's get started. we begin with the attacks against two u.s. diplomatic compounds overseas. first libya where militants staged a protest outside the u.s. consulate in ben za lee leading to clashes with security forces and the death of a security department officer. >>> the other powder keg is in cairo where several men managed to scale the walls of the u.s. embassy. take a look at this. they tore down all the american flags. ian lee is live from cairo this morning. i want to start with what has caused all t
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 11,742 (some duplicates have been removed)